Table of Contents
Beginner’s Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?
What is domain name is a string of text that maps to a numeric IP address, used to access a website from client software. In plain English, a domain name is the text that a user types into a browser window to reach a particular website. For instance, the domain name for Google is ‘google.com’.
The actual address of a website is a complex numerical IP address (e.g. 22.214.171.124), but thanks to DNS, users are able to enter human-friendly domain names and be routed to the websites they are looking for. This process is known as a DNS lookup.
Who oversees space names?
Space names are totally overseen by area libraries, which delegate the booking of area names to enlistment centers. Any individual who needs to make a site can enlist a space name with a recorder, and there are at present north of 300 million enrolled area names.
What’s the contrast between a space name and a URL?
A uniform asset finder (URL), some of the time called a web address, contains the space name of a webpage just as other data, including the exchange convention and the way. For instance, in the URL ‘https://cloudflare.com/learning/’, ‘cloudflare.com’ is the area name, while ‘https’ is the convention and ‘/learning/’ is the way to a particular page on the site.
What are the parts of a domain name?
Domain names are typically broken up into two or three parts, each separated by a dot. When read right-to-left, the identifiers in domain names go from most general to most specific. The section to the right of the last dot in a domain name is the top-level domain (TLD). These include the ‘generic’ TLDs such as ‘.com’, ‘.net’, and ‘.org’, as well as country-specific TLDs like ‘.uk’ and ‘.jp’.
To the left of the TLD is the second-level domain (2LD) and if there is anything to the left of the 2LD, it is called the third-level domain (3LD). Let’s look at a couple of examples:
For Google’s US domain name, ‘google.com’:
- ’.com’ is the TLD (most general)
- ’google’ is the 2LD (most specific)
But for Google UK’s domain name, ‘google.co.uk’:
- ’.com’ is the TLD (most general)
- ’.co’* is the 2LD
- ’google’ is the 3LD (most specific)
*In this case, the 2LD indicates the type of organization that registered the domain (.co in the UK is for sites registered by companies).
How to keep a domain name secure
When a space name has been enrolled with a recorder, that enlistment center is accountable for advising the registrant when their area is going to terminate and allowing them the opportunity to reestablish, guaranteeing they don’t lose their space name. Now and again, recorders will go after their clients’ terminated space names by purchasing those areas the subsequent they lapse and afterward selling them back to the first registrant at an extravagant cost. It’s essential to pick a legitimate and dependable recorder to keep away from these sorts of savage practices.
What is a Domain Name?
Domain name is the address of your website that people type in the browser URL bar to visit your website.
In simple terms, if your website was a house, then your domain name will be its address.
A more detailed explanation:
The Internet is a giant network of computers connected to each other through a global network of cables. Each computer on this network can communicate with other computers.
To identify them, each computer is assigned an IP address. It is a series of numbers that identify a particular computer on the internet. A typical IP address looks like this:
Now an IP address like this is quite difficult to remember. Imagine if you had to use such numbers to visit your favorite websites.
Domain names were invented to solve this problem.